Hunza Valley Overview

Hunza Valley is a mountainous area in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. Hunza was formerly a princely state, bordering China to the north-east and Pamir to its northwest, which survived until 1974, when it was dissolved by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The state bordered the Gilgit Agency to the south, the former princely state of Nagar to the east. The state capital was the town of Baltit (also known asKarimabad) and its old settlement is Ganish Village.
The fair-skinned and light-eyed Hunzakuts claim to be descendants of soldiers lost from Alexander’s army as he invaded India, although genetic studies have disproved the claim. The language, Burushaski, provides linguists an enigma as it is unrelated to any other language.

The beauty of this mountain paradise is matchless; from the soft blossoms of the apricot trees to the dark snowcapped rock monuments of Rakaposhi (7788 m.), recently climbed Ultra Peak (7388 m.) jabbing a vivid blue backdrop high above, and Bublimoting Peak.

Most of the people of Hunza are Islamili Muslims, followers of the Aga Khan.

Upper Hunza, Gojal – Upper Hunza (Gojal) is a beautiful valley, where three different linguistically people are existing, Burushaski speakers originated from central Hunza and migrated during the kingdom of Ayashoo and wakhi speakers oriented from Wakhan corridor. 65% of the population encompasses of wakhi speakers and the rest of 34% composed of Burushaski speakers. The third dialect Domki compared of 1% and their families found in Nazim abad and Shishkat village.

The upper Hunza starts from Ayean Abad village, nowadays affected with a natural hit (Atta Abad Disaster) and sunk completely in the artificial lake; Upper Hunza extends to Misgar, Shimshaal and Chuporson, (Border areas). Gulmit village is the capital city of upper Hunza, and Sost is an important village for commercial purposes due to Sost dry port. Upper Hunza is subdivided into four regions, as Gojal1, 2, 3, 4 respectively. Gojal one composed of Ayean Abad, Shishkat, Gulmit, Passu, Hussaini. Gojal two composed of Khyber, Galapan Murokhoon, Jamal Abad, Gircha, Nazimabad, Hussain Abad, Sost, Khudabad and Misgar. Gojal 3 composed of Shimshaal and finally Gojal 4 composed of Khair Abad, Rashit, Kirming, Kill, Espangi, Shersaabz, and Zodokhon. The almighty KKH running from this region of Hunza and exit to neighboring country China, at Khunjareb pass area of upper Hunza and from Chopurson wakhan corridor open and this piece of land isolate this region from former USSR.

Centre Hunza – Center Hunza was the administrative region during monarchial rule of Ayashoo dynast, a ruling family of Hunza for 980 years from 996-1974 and is still the main center of Hunza State. Center Hunza starts from a beautiful village Murtazaabad and ends at Attaabad. It’s composed of villages namely Murtazaabad, Hassanabad, Aliabad, Dorkhan, Shiras, Garelth, Hyderabad, Ganish, Karim Abad (Baltit), Mominabad, Altit, Ahmedabad, Gama Sareth, and Attabad. This is the most populous sub-region of Hunza; Center Hunza is two linguistic oriented region 97% people speak Burushaski and rest of 3% speaks Domki.

Lower Hunza – Lower Hunza has boundaries with Nagar valley on the east and on the south. Lower Hunza starts from a village Khizirabad and ends at Nasirabad. It’s composed of Khizirabad, Mayoon, Hussainabad, Khana Abad and Nasirabad. Nasirabad location on KKH makes it as a center village of Lower Hunza. This area basically composed of Shina speakers mainly migrants from nearby areas of Hunza, and many families belong to families of center Hunza. The Shina language is dominated language that’s why people declare it as “Shinaki”. Culturally enriched and it is not much different from the culture of central Hunza. The culture of the area comes out from social customs and as well as from religious practices on births, marriages, and deaths. KKH enter into the region on the first bridge of Hunza, at Nasirabad (Hindi) from Nagar Valley. Above text by Piyar Ali Sagi

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